Archive for the ‘Museums’ Category

After more than twenty years of waiting, the capital’s new Planetarium is a reality, and planetarioroma4at a particularly happy time for the spreading of Italian astronomy, as a planetarioroma2number of new structures extend across all of the nation. Rome’s Planetarium was established in 1928, among the first in Europe, and closed at the beginning of the 1980s, when the historic Octagonal Hall of the Exedra of the Baths of Diocletian, was made over to other uses. The new planetarium reopened in a different building in May 2004, thanks to the iZeiss Totalenterest of the Office of Cultural Politics of the Municipality, the Lazio Region and the University of La Sapienza.

planetarioroma1The Planetarium was established within the buildings of the Museum of Roman Culture in EUR and provided with a new technologically advanced projector, which replaced the old Zeiss II model. In a series of adjacent rooms, an Astronomical Museum was developed with models, planetary dioramas and multimedia stations, which integrate the cultural and educational aspect of the planetarium. The Planetarium and the Astronomical Museum function as mutually complementary structures, furnishing the stimuli of interweaving questions and answers, at many different levels of understanding. The association with the Museum of Roman Culture, meanwhile, aims to illuminate the static (and amazing) archaeological displays with a new light, introducing scientific and technological stimuli, playing with the contrast between ancient and modern. This underlines how scientific and astronomical culture can, and should, be inserted into a historical context, and how a multidisciplinary perspective, which overcomes the dichotomy between the physical sciences and the humanities, should be privileged.

From its inauguration, the new Planetarium of Rome engaged in educational activities designed for schools and it has continuously increased its efforts to diffuse scientific and astronomical culture to the general public of Rome, organising major events and transforming it ever more into a lively place, where to return more than once and learn, is also an entertainment. It is learning without “studying”, in the traditional sense of the word: it is always a journey, which arouses curiosity and pleasure, through the three concepts of time, space and the origin of the elements which make up the world in which we live.

Conceived as a real “Astronomical Theatre”, the Planetarium and the Museum offer not only a dense program of displays for schools and the general public, but also show animations for children. These are extremely interdisciplinary, involving music, theatre and direct observation of the skies, without ever forgetting the hard kernel of science. There are also continual additions on current hot topics in astrophysics, and ample space given over to the historical heritage of the astronomical discipline.

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We have choosen some tours that you will enjoy staying in Rome. If you like to get more informations for them please fill the form on the bottom of this web-page. Tina&Adriano will give you all support you like to get.

Hop On-Hop Off Bus:
hop onThe buses drive contiunuously by the city’s most important monument.               Get On and Off when and wherever you please. You will find them puntually at all 11 stops of the bus route from 8.45 am to 8.15 pm 7 days a week.               On board, a very informative audioguide of 13 languages will help you understand the incredible history and the splendour of the art that make Rome a unique city.

Vatican Museums – Sistine Chapel – St.Peters Basilica:. The Vatican Museums vaticancontain masterpieces of painting, sculpture and other works of art collected by the popes trough the centuries. The museum include several monumental works of art, such as the Sistine Chapel and the Raphaels rooms. Professional tour guides will lead you through an unforgettable trip of art.

Ancient Rome Colosseum – Palatine Hill – Roman Forum: Take a complete tour of ancient Rome’s major sites and skip the lines for the archeological area. Gain your special access to the colosseumColosseum and once inside, breath the bloody past of the anphitheatre. Let’s admire the splendid Arc of Constantine, climb the Palatine Hill and stomp on the legendary Via Sacra (Sacred Way).

Christian Rome and Catacombs: Join the group at the meeting point and discover great basilicas as St.Mary the Major and St.John Lateran. Visit the catacombs, labyrints of catacombsunderground tunnels that were used by Christians to hide during the persecution times and as burial places, in a unique journey trough history.

Rome Surroundings Tivoli and its Villas: Join the group at the meeting point and visit Tivoli,
an ancient resort area renowed for its beauty and its good water, enriched by many roman villas tivolisuch as Villa Adriana and Villa d’Este. Come to discover the renaissance styled Villa d’Este, a gorgeous palatial setting surrounded by a spectacular terraced garden. Enjoy the beauty of its cascades, water tanks, water jets and fountains.

Tours in Rome by Vespa Calessino: Special remake of the Ape Calessino in 600 pieces: a homge to the history of a unique vehicle and an exclusive proposal for mobility in absolutely chic ape calessinoenvironments. The Ape Calessino is a perfect reinterpretation of the mythical design of the Sixties which brings back to mind the values of radiance that are typical of the Mediterranean. Ape Calessino is the icon of a Lifestyle, the precious symbol of an elegant and exclusive minimalism which escapes wild rhythms in order to recapture the awareness of places, people and friendship. Ape’s traditional features of robustness and manageability, ensured by the reduced turning radius, by manual shift and by the well-tested and robust diesel engine, are enriched by timeless aesthetical solutions  so to be enjoyed and driven with pleasure. The availability tours are: Rome by Night and Rome Panoramic Tour with the same price of 85,00 euro/person (min. 2 persons).

Ancient Rome Aperitif :  What to do in Rome on Friday night? Experience an unforgettable dive in to the past! Hidden in a marvellous site of Rome city center there is an ancient Roman House. Discover aperitifthis out-off the beaten trucks site and taste a unique aperitif based on original recopies 2000 years old. Why ancient? You will visit an original II century A.D. house, extraordinarily well preserved thanks since buried for centuries. Why aperitif? In this ancient house you will experience a range of delicious and taste-ful specialties, our chefs will repeat the recipes of the renowned imperial roman cook Apicius with a variety of wines in ancient roman styles.

Cooking Day with a famous chef : For all italian food lovers! If you are a gourmand, cooking aficionados or a fan homemade cuisine, our cooking tours will like you. In this way you have the opportunity to cookingcombine your holiday with a cooking school by preparing traditional dishes togheter with our teaching chef. You will learn first-hand how to make home made pasta and then tips about cooking art. After class you will eat and enjoy what you have prepared and cheers with local wines.

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The Prehistoric Museum of Pofi is an important museum of southern Lazio, museo-pofithe most significant of Italy, is home to 40 exhibitors showing the whole prehistory of southern Lazio from a million years ago. You can take a fascinating journey to the Stone Age where it is described the man, the environment and the fauna of southern Lazio in the context of European prehistory. The museum houses the crown of the Man of Ceprano, Argil, the oldest fossil of Italy and one of the oldest in Europe, more than 800,000 years, found by Prof. Italo Biddittu in 1994. The property is managed by the Research Center of Tolerus Ceccano, the voluntary association that has already achieved the Eco Station at the station Ceccano, a cultural center for the environment.
In addition to tours, you can, especially for schools, carry out laboratory and simulated excavation.
For information and reservations, please contact the secretariat at n. telephone 0775/380380.
Opening hours:
The museum is open to the public every Friday, Saturday, Sunday and public holidays from 9.30 to 13.00

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This Villa but monument was commissioned by Cardinal Ippolito d’Este in 1510 a.c. to prove his dominance over man and nature.
His builders tore down a part of a Franciscan Monastry and diverted the Aniene river to feed the fountanins and to water the garden.
Nowadays Villa d’Este is still considered one of Italy’s most wonderful sites.
Looking at this monument you will feel a pleasant sensation of peace that come out from the green gardens in summer expecially.
Tivoli, the city close with the villa, is 6 km. far was the place where the emperor Adriano started the works of the villa in the AD 120 AC. After his death the fortun of his villa declined and barbarians sacked it.
The gardens of Villa d’Este is generally considered an  extraordinary context of Tivoli itself for its landscape, art and history which includes the important ruins of ancient villas such as the Villa Adriana, as well as a zone rich in caves and waterfalls displaying the unending and amazing battle between water and stone.

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Beeing at the top os St.Peter Basilica and looking in front of you along Via della Conciliazione, you can see the wonderful Castel of Castel Sant’Angelo.  This impressive large circular construction was built by emperor Hadrian in 130-139 AC as a mausoleum for himself and his family in substitution of one, already built on the opposite side of the Tiberby emperor Augustus.
The height is nearly 50m, the design belongs to Hadrian. The mausoleum consisted of a base 89m sq., supporting a round tower 64m in diameter of peperino and travertine overlaid with marble.
Above this was an earthen tumulus planted with cypress trees. At the top was an altar bearing a bronze quadriga driven by a charioteer representing Hadrian, as the Sun, ruler of the world. Inside the building is a spiral ramp, which led to a straight passageway ending in the cella, in which was the Imperial tomb. Hadrian and Sabina (his wife) were buried in the mausoleum, as were succeeding emperors until Septimus Severus in 175.
The mausoleum was gradually transformed into a castle. Theodoric, the king of Italy (493-526), used it as a prison and for a time it became known as carceres Theodorici. By the late 12C the castle was established as papal property. In 1378 it was severely damaged by the citizens of Rome, resentful of foreign domination. In the reign of Boniface IX rebuilding begun. Alexander VI had A.da Sangallo the Elder complete the four bastions of the square inner ward which had been begun by Nicolas V.
From 1849 to 1870 the castle was occupied by French troops. Under the Italian Government it was used as barracks and as a prison until 1901, when the work of restoration was begun. In 1933-34 the castle was adapted for use as a museum (58rooms) and the surrounding area was cleared. It is named – National Museum of Castel Sant’Angelo (Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant’Angelo).
Being an official prison for many centuries Castel S.Angelo contains numerous prison cells, to begin with those built by Pius IV with the sizes that wouldn’t permit a prisoner to stand on the legs and lie, the only position possible was sitting.
In the so called Cortile Dal Pozzo, built by Alexander VI, were the cells reserved for important persons. For example, here in 1538 – beginning of 1539 for the first time was held Benvenuto Cellini, where he could continue his activity as a sculptor and from where he escaped using the rope made of the pieces of bed sheet. But he was caught in a short time and re-imprisoned again till the end of 1539, but this time – in underground cell.
The processes over the prisoners were held in the Hall of Justice, it was built in Roman times above the sepulchral cella, and has a fresco of Justice attributed to Domenico Zaga.
The executions took place out of the castle on the other side of the Tiber, but in a lot of cases -inside of the castle, right in the cells.
In 1925 the National Museum of Caste Sant’Angelo was founded to celebrate the glories of the Army. Today the interior of the castle can be visited with its seventeenth century rich frescoed halls (Hall of Apollo, Hall of Paolina decorated with the Stories of Alexander the Great, Hall of Perseus with episode of the myth of the Greek hero, Room of Amore and Psiche), the prisons, the collection of antique arms, the collection of ancient marbles, ceramics, and sculptures.
Visit for more info :  http://www.castelsantangelo.com/

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The MONTECASSINO Monastery, was founded by St. Benedict about 529 of the Christian Era on the remnants of a preexisting Roman fortification of the municipium Casinum.
The heathen cult was still practised on this mountain site in the temple of Apollo and in a nearby holy grove to which a sacrifice area was adjoining. Montecassino became famous for the prodigious life and the Sepulchre of its Founder.
Through the ages, the abbey was looked upon as a place of holiness, culture and art for which it became renowned on world-wide level. Around 577, the monastery was destroyed by the Longobards of Zotone, Duke of Beneventum, but early in the eighth century Pope Gregory II commissioned the Brescian Petronace to rebuild the monastery.
For the Cassinese abbey this was the beginning of a period of great splendour: the Saxon Monk Villibald, the Monk Sturmius disciple of S. Boniface, Founder of Fulda and of German monasticism, Gisulf II Duke of Beneventum, Carlomanno brother of Pippin, Ratchis king of the Longobards, Anselm future abbot of Nonantola all flocked to Montecassino.
In 787 Charlemagne came to visit the Abbey and granted it vast privileges. The Abbey before last destruction In 883, the Saracens invaded and sacked the Monastery and burnt it down, causing the death of Bertarius its saint Abbot, Founder of mediaeval Cassino.
The surviving monks first fled to Teano and later to Capua. Monastic life was only fully resumed towards the middle of the tenth century, thanks to Abbot Aligerno. Various great Abbots governed Montecassino in the eleventh century, such as Theobald, Richerius, Frederick of Lorraine who later will become Pope under the name of Stephen IX.
They restored Montecassino to its former political and ecclesiastic height, culminating under Abbot Desiderius, a truly outstanding personality. He was a friend to Pope Gregory VII whom he assisted in his struggle for independence of the Church, later to become his successor under the name Victor III.
The Basilica was rebuilt under his abbotship and the monastery was enriched with numerous beautifully miniated manuscripts, mosaics, enamels, oriented liturgic goldsmithery. The third destruction, caused by an earthquake, occurred in 1349. Nothing but a few walls remained of Abbot Desiderius’ splendid building. Photo n. 2 Many additions and embellishments were made during reconstruction so that the abbey acquired the greatness and imposingness it conserved until February 15, 1944, during the final stage of world war II when Montecassino happened to be on the firing line between two armies: this place of prayer and study which had become in these exceptional circumstances a peaceful shelter for hundreds of defenceless civilians, in only three hours was reduced to a heap of debris under which many of the refuges met their death (photo n.2).
The Abbey was rebuilt according to the ancient architectural pattern and to the “where and as was” program of Abbot Ildefonso Rea, its reconstructor. Reconstruction and decoration works took more than a decade and where exclusively financed by the Italian State. After so many historical events, Montecassino may truly be simbolized by a many centuries-old oak, which although broken by the storm, always becomes green and alive again, stronger than ever: “succisa virescit”.

The high number of pilgrims that every day come to the Abbey, by hundreds and thousands, keeps the Fathers from granting the requests submitted to them, first of all to guide the visitors through the Monastery.
Visitors are demanded to respect the sacrality of the place they are in (they don’t have to consider it as a pleasure-ground) and they have to mantain a severe and intent behaviour, avoiding to speak aloud or make noise inside the cloisters.
On behalf of visitors is particularly requested to keep silent in the Church.

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The Centrale Montemartini represents one of the most original and remarkable outcomes of the coexistence of ancient and modern in Rome. Ancient statues from the collecticentrale montemartinions of the Capitoline Museums are displayed in the rooms of the first public electrical power plant of the city, inaugurated in 1912, and the only one that kept working during the Second World War thanks to the ingenious stratagem of hoisting the Vatican City flag above it. More than 400 statues of gods, heroes and personalities of imperial rank populate the machine rooms amidst transformers and generators that evoke the sound of turbines, creating a highly evocative surreal effect. Walking through the perfectly restored rooms (a successful example of industrial archaeological recovery) we perceive the dynamic relationship between the luminous, timeless marble of the statues and the modern energy suggested by the machines, that seem to contend for the attention of the viewer. Do not miss the celebrated Togato Barberini, the basanite statue of Agrippina, the Victory of the Simmaci, and the statues from the Temple of Apollo Sosianus.

A suggestion for a special evening: a performance at the permanent outdoor theatre “Silvano Toti”, in Villa Borghese, in Piazza Aqua Felix. Modelled on the Globe theatre in London, it has a capacity of 3000 seats.

Address: Via Ostiense, 106 – 00154 Roma
Website: http://www.centralemontemartini.org

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Address: Piazza Giovanni Agnelli, 10 – Roma
Phone: +39.06.0608
Ticket: 6,50 Euro

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