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Archive for the ‘Archaeological sites’ Category


We have choosen some tours that you will enjoy staying in Rome. If you like to get more informations for them please fill the form on the bottom of this web-page. Tina&Adriano will give you all support you like to get.

Hop On-Hop Off Bus:
hop onThe buses drive contiunuously by the city’s most important monument.               Get On and Off when and wherever you please. You will find them puntually at all 11 stops of the bus route from 8.45 am to 8.15 pm 7 days a week.               On board, a very informative audioguide of 13 languages will help you understand the incredible history and the splendour of the art that make Rome a unique city.

Vatican Museums – Sistine Chapel – St.Peters Basilica:. The Vatican Museums vaticancontain masterpieces of painting, sculpture and other works of art collected by the popes trough the centuries. The museum include several monumental works of art, such as the Sistine Chapel and the Raphaels rooms. Professional tour guides will lead you through an unforgettable trip of art.

Ancient Rome Colosseum – Palatine Hill – Roman Forum: Take a complete tour of ancient Rome’s major sites and skip the lines for the archeological area. Gain your special access to the colosseumColosseum and once inside, breath the bloody past of the anphitheatre. Let’s admire the splendid Arc of Constantine, climb the Palatine Hill and stomp on the legendary Via Sacra (Sacred Way).

Christian Rome and Catacombs: Join the group at the meeting point and discover great basilicas as St.Mary the Major and St.John Lateran. Visit the catacombs, labyrints of catacombsunderground tunnels that were used by Christians to hide during the persecution times and as burial places, in a unique journey trough history.


Rome Surroundings Tivoli and its Villas: Join the group at the meeting point and visit Tivoli,
an ancient resort area renowed for its beauty and its good water, enriched by many roman villas tivolisuch as Villa Adriana and Villa d’Este. Come to discover the renaissance styled Villa d’Este, a gorgeous palatial setting surrounded by a spectacular terraced garden. Enjoy the beauty of its cascades, water tanks, water jets and fountains.

Tours in Rome by Vespa Calessino: Special remake of the Ape Calessino in 600 pieces: a homge to the history of a unique vehicle and an exclusive proposal for mobility in absolutely chic ape calessinoenvironments. The Ape Calessino is a perfect reinterpretation of the mythical design of the Sixties which brings back to mind the values of radiance that are typical of the Mediterranean. Ape Calessino is the icon of a Lifestyle, the precious symbol of an elegant and exclusive minimalism which escapes wild rhythms in order to recapture the awareness of places, people and friendship. Ape’s traditional features of robustness and manageability, ensured by the reduced turning radius, by manual shift and by the well-tested and robust diesel engine, are enriched by timeless aesthetical solutions  so to be enjoyed and driven with pleasure. The availability tours are: Rome by Night and Rome Panoramic Tour with the same price of 85,00 euro/person (min. 2 persons).

Ancient Rome Aperitif :  What to do in Rome on Friday night? Experience an unforgettable dive in to the past! Hidden in a marvellous site of Rome city center there is an ancient Roman House. Discover aperitifthis out-off the beaten trucks site and taste a unique aperitif based on original recopies 2000 years old. Why ancient? You will visit an original II century A.D. house, extraordinarily well preserved thanks since buried for centuries. Why aperitif? In this ancient house you will experience a range of delicious and taste-ful specialties, our chefs will repeat the recipes of the renowned imperial roman cook Apicius with a variety of wines in ancient roman styles.

Cooking Day with a famous chef : For all italian food lovers! If you are a gourmand, cooking aficionados or a fan homemade cuisine, our cooking tours will like you. In this way you have the opportunity to cookingcombine your holiday with a cooking school by preparing traditional dishes togheter with our teaching chef. You will learn first-hand how to make home made pasta and then tips about cooking art. After class you will eat and enjoy what you have prepared and cheers with local wines.

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Tarquinia, is an ancient city in the province of Viterbo. Starting from Rome and following Via Aurelia we will arrive in this important etruscan city after 97 Km.
The modern-day town ofTarquinia, rich in medieval monuments, is in the northern part of Lazio. It’s one of the largest collections of Etruscan archaeological finds belongs to theNationalMuseum. Guided tours of the painted tombs in the necropolises near the town also leave from the museum. The finds on display in the museum include: the sarcophagi; the burial treasures found in the nearby necropolises, vases of all types and origins, decorations belonging to the Ara Reginae temple and a number of painted tombs, moved here to save them from destruction.The ancient city of Tarquinia (TarXna in Etruscan) stood on the La Civita hill, close to the modern city. Very little remains of the urban fabric of the city: the remains of the solid walls of the 4th century BC, made of square blocks of limestone and about five miles long, and the remains of a temple of the first half of the 4th century BC known as Ara Reginae. The importance of Tarquinia is shown by the legend according to which the city was founded by Tarchon, the companion of the mythical hero Tyrrhenus, the ancestor of the Etruscans. Until the beginning of the 6th century BC, the city was a centre of secondary importance. From then onwards, thanks to the intensification of trading contacts withGreece, it grew in importance until it became one of the main cities of the Etruscan league in the 4th century BC. Between the end of the 4th century and the beginning of the 3rd century BC, Tarquinia, at the height of its power, came into conflict on several occasions withRome.
The rural landscape ofEtruriawhere is Tarquina is characterized by a succession of hilly areas covered by thick woods, rich in water. In the southern part, alongside the hills there are also lakes of volcanic origin surrounded by mountainous areas. The distribution of the territory was at the basis of the birth of the Etruscan people: the borders of property were considered sacred and inviolable, and accurately marked by stone blocks. The first agricultural activities were the cultivation of wheat, barley, millet, broad beans and lentils. The territory, with abundant grazing land, was also suitable for livestock raising: the commonest species were cows, pigs and sheep, to provide food and work and horses, used for transport and in battle.
Tipical products of this area are honey, wine, extra-virgin oil, vegetables canned in extra-virgin oil,
canned fruit and vegetable pates.

Places to visit in Tarquinia are:

  • The Etruscan necropolises, with some 6,000 tombs, 200 of which include wall paintings. The main site is the Necropolis of Monterozzi, with a large number of tumulus tombs with chambers carved in the rock. The scenes painted include erotical and magic depictions, landscapes, dances and music. There are also carved sarcophagi, some dating to the Hellenistic period. Main tombs included the Tomba della Fustigazione and the Tomb of the Leopards.
  • Remains of the Ara della Regina (“Altar of the Queen”) temple, measuring c. 44 x 25 m and dating to c. 4th-3rd century BC. IT was built in tuff with wooden structures and decorations. Also traces of the Etruscan walls (c. 8th century BC) exist: they had a length of some8 km.
  • The National Museum, with a large collection of archaeological findings. It is housed in the Renaissance Palazzo Vitelleschi, begun in 1436 and completed around 1480-1490
  • Church of Santa Maria di Castello (1121–1208), with Lombard and Cosmatesque influences. The façade has a small bell-tower and three entrances. The interior has a nave and two aisles, divided by massive pilasters with palaeo-Christian capitals and friezes. Noteworthy are also the rose-window in the nave and the several marble works by Roman masters.
  • The Cathedral, once in Romanesque-Gothic style but rebuilt after the 1643 fire, has maintained from the original edifice the 16th century frescoes in presbitery, by Antonio del Massaro.
  • Churchof San Giacomo and Santissima Annunziata, showing different Arab and Byzantine influences.
  • The Communal Palace, in Romanesque style, begun in the 13th century and restored in the 16th.
  • The numerous medieval towers, including that of Dante Alighieri.
  • The Palazzo dei Priori. The façade, remade in Baroque times, has a massive external staircase. The interior has a fresco cycle from 1429.

Suggested accommodation for this area: TARQUINIA ROOMS

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In Ostia you have to see the ruins of this city and also the Seaport of Claudius and the Castle of Julius II.
If you like to arrive in Ancient Ostia from Rome, take the metro “B” line from Termini Station until the metro stop of Magliana. Then from here take the train for Ostia Antica.
The remains of Ancient Ostia stand on a territorial and geographical context that is very different from the ancient one
: in fact, in the Roman age, the Tiber skirted the northern side of the inhabited area, while nowadays it scarcely touches a portion of the western sector, having had its bed dragged downstream by a famous and disastrous flood in 1557.Moreover, the shoreline as well, originally close to the town, is now 4 km away from it, because of the advance of the mainland due to the debris left by the river over the last 2000 years. Ostia, therefore, was a town built on both the sea and the river and such a special position determined its relevance over the centuries from a strategic-military and an economic viewpoint.According to an ancient tradition, it was founded as a colony by the fourth king of Rome, Ancus Marcius, about the year 620 BCE, in order to exploit the salt-mines at the mouth of the Tiber (hence the name Ostia, which derives from ostium = embouchure). Nevertheless, the most ancient remain is a fortalice (Castrum), made of tufa blocks, dating only to the second half of the 4th c. BCE, built by the Roman settlers with the solely military aim of controlling the mouth of the Tiber and the Latian coast.
Later, especially after the 2nd century BCE, when Rome gained supremacy over the whole Mediterranean sea, the military function of the town started to decrease, as it quickly became the main emporium of Rome. For this reason, particularly between the 1st and the 2nd century CE, Ostia greatly expanded by equipping itself with prominent public and private buildings.
In the following centuries, given the general decline of the Roman Empire, the town fell into a slow decay which led to the abandonment of the site after the mid-5th century CE.

In 42 CE the Emperor Claudius began the construction of a large seaport (Port of Claudius), located 3 km north of the mouth of the Tiber, and completed in 64 CE, under Nero’s principate.
The massive infrastructure ensured a quiet basin in which could be safely carried out the discharge of goods from the large trade vessels arriving from across the Mediterranean as well as their transhipment onto river boats (naves caudicariae) suitable for sailing up the Tiber as far as Rome.
The port basin, spanning more than 200 hectares, was excavated in the dryland partially enclosed on the seaward side by two curved piers converging towards the entrance. There, on an artificial island, stood a gigantic lighthouse, similar to the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria of Egypt, which indicated to seafarers the entrance of the basin. Also, at least two artificial canals ensured the connection between the sea, the Port of Claudius and the Tiber.
The foundations of the right-hand side (or northern) pier are still visible behind the Museum of Ships for an extent of about one kilometre.On the quay that bordered the dock on the landward side are still preserved some of the functional structures relevant to the port: the so-called Captaincy, a cistern and some thermal buildings constructed, though, in a later period (2nd c. CE) than Claudius’s structure.
The scant security and the progressive silting to which the port was prone, drove the emperor Trajan to build, just 40 years later (between 100 and 112 CE), a new more inward basin, the Port of Trajan. The Port of Claudius, continued, however, to be used as a roadstead

In 1483, under the pontificate of Pope Sixtus IV, the Bishop of Ostia Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (the future Pope Julius II) began the construction of the Castle of Ostia, which was completed in 1486 under Pope Innocent VIII . The fortalice incorporated the pre-existing round tower, built in 1423-24 under Pope Martin V Colonna, which became the keep of the new building. The fortress served as the seat of the Papal Custom Houses, which regulated the payment of excise on goods arriving in Rome by sea.
Once ascended to the papal throne, Julius II (1503-1513) had important transformations made: a true papal apartment was built on the western side of the courtyard, by means of refurbishing some of the environments of the era of the Borgias. The three floors of the building were connected by a monumental staircase, frescoed, according to recent studies, by Baldassare Peruzzi with some collaborators, among them being the Lombard Cesare da Sesto.
At the end of the conflict between France and Spain, in 1556, the fortress of Ostia underwent a famous siege by the Spaniards, which resulted in no few damages to the structure. One year later, in 1557, after a sensational flood, the Tiber shifted its course to the present one. This caused the transfer of the Papal Custom Houses first to Tor Boacciana and then to Tor S. Michele.
In the 18th century the castle was used as a barn and then, in the following century, it became a prison for the convicts used as forced labour in the excavations at Ancient Ostia.
After several restorations made over the course of the 20th century, in 2003 an exhibition space was arranged in some of the rooms of the papal apartments and of the keep, in order to display the most significant part of the collection of late medieval and Renaissance ceramics, issuing from excavations carried out in the last century within the castle and the village.

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The Naturalistic Archeological Vulci Park is unique in that it presents a complete panorama of Etruscan and Roman city, necropolis, uncontaminated nature and countryside and the extraordinary exhibits in the Museum of Vulci at the Badia Castle. The park is located around the border line with the Tuscany.
There are several opportunities of which you can choose to visit the Naturalistic Archeological Vulci Park. There are simple beginner trails that pass through the ancient etruscan city that take you into the valley where the Fiora River fills the Pellicone Lake, a magnificent sight that we extremely suggest.
Inside the park area there are protected paths that pass alongside vast pastures where maremana cattle and horses graze. It’s possible to provide you with a naturalistic archeological guide to visit the Tomb of François, Tomb of Inscriptions and the Archeological Museum of Vulci, located inside the Badia Castle or Vulci Castle.
Castle Vulci or “Castello della Badia”
 is placed in a location of exceptional natural beauty. It stands in the countryside of Tuscia in Lower Maremma, on top of a beautiful gorge crossed by the River Fiora. The castle was built not far from the ruins of the ancient Etruscan city of Vulci and the nearby coastal path of the ancient Via Aurelia. The location chosen for its construction corresponded to that where the Romans had built a high bridge to jump over the deep gorge of the Fiora to over 30 meters in height.
The castle became the thirteenth century an important center for assistance and hospitality to pilgrims for half a century and was operated in cooperation with the Knights Templar, the so-called Templars. In the sixteenth century passed into the ownership of Alessandro Farnese, who worked some restoration.
The castle is entirely built of regular blocks of trachyte dark.Access to the castle to the north was controlled by the other side of the bridge and the gorge of the river Fiora and a perimeter ditch with water fed by the Roman Empire.
Archeo-trekking, mountain bike or horseback riding are activities to do in the park of Vulci. During the summer season you may visit the park area by night and appreciate the special effects of the evening lights and colours.

Suggested accommodation for this area : TARQUINIA ROOMS

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Starting from Rome and going in the north direction along Via Aurelia, you will arrive after 40 Km in Cerveteri, where you will find the most famous attraction of this city that is the Necropoli della Banditaccia, which has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site together with the necropoleis in Tarquinia. It covers an area of 400 ha, of which 10 ha can be visited, encompassing a total of 1,000 tombs often housed in characteristic mounds. The necropolis is a city of the dead. It is the largest ancient necropolis in the Mediterranean area.
The most ancient ones are in the shape of a pit, in which the ashes of the dead were housed; also simple potholes are present.
From the Etruscan period are two types of tombs: the mounds and the so-called “dice”, the latter being simple square tombs built in long rows along “roads”.
The mounds are circular structures built in tuff, and the interiors, carved from the living rock, house a reconstruction of the house of the dead, including a corridor, a central hall and several rooms. Modern knowledge of Etruscan daily life is largely dependent on the numerous decorative details and finds from such tombs. The most famous of these mounds is the so-called Tomba dei Rilievi , identified from an inscription as belonging to one Matunas and provided with an exceptional series of frescoes, bas-reliefs and sculptures portraying a large series of contemporary life tools. Etruscan phallic symbols. “Cippi” indicating that tomb occupants were male.
Most finds excavated at Cerveteri necropolis are currently housed in the National Etruscan Museum, Rome. Others are in theArchaeologicalMuseum at Cerveteri itself.

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